| || The second largest hydroelectric dam in the world is Guri in the southeastern Venezuelan state of Bolivar. Its construction began in 1965 on the Caroní River, and it has created a huge artificial reservoir of about 18 million cubic meters (4.75 billion gallons) with a surface area of more than 4,000 square kilometers (1,500 square miles). With a production of 10 million kilowatt-hours, satisfying three-quarters of the country’s needs and able to supply neighboring countries such as Brazil and Colombia, Guri is one of the most important hydroelectric plants in the world. Like wind and sun, rivers produce energy without creating greenhouse gases. Though dams are often criticized for ruining the landscape, they can, as here, create splendid lakes full of fish. Lake Guri contains the two tastiest species of freshwater fish in Venezuela. Nevertheless, one can imagine water wars resulting from the exploitation of great rivers for energy production – between Egypt and the Sudan concerning the Nile, between Israel and Jordan regarding the Jordan, and among Turkey, Syria, and Iraq over the Tigris and Euphrates.
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