| ||This village of 2,000 inhabitants is situated on one of the many islands south of the Korean peninsula. Houses are built here following the traditional home model: L-shaped, U-shaped, or in a square across a central courtyard. However, since the urbanization of Korea in the late 1960s, these traditional houses, still known as hanok, have become rare; the only ones remaining are now found in the mountains and rural areas. With its steep demographic growth and intense urbanization, South Korea has become one of the most densely populated countries in the world: 1,274 people per square mile (3,287 per square km), with nearly 86 percent of the population living in cities. Economic growth has led to high rates of consumption and pollution. With 10.3 million inhabitants, the megalopolis of Seoul is a classic example: air pollution has become a major problem.
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