| ||With a land area of 147,046 square miles (377 000 km2), the state of Montana has less than a million inhabitants, a population density 46 times lower than the density in France. Despite its low population density, this American state situated east of the Rocky Mountains is a great producer of grain, mostly wheat grown by one third of all farms in the state. Much of this grain is exported overseas. The United States are still the main exporter of agricultural commodities in the world. For example, they can supply a country like Algeria that imports 75 % of its food, or Egypt that imports 60 % of its food. The globalization of the economy includes the globalization of agriculture whose production system and organization are becoming more and more linked to world markets. The price of wheat, its stocks and its abundance or its scarcity are not decided in Algiers or Cairo, but in Chicago and Washington.
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