| ||Desert kites, of which there are 700 to 800 throughout the Middle East, owe their name to the British pilots on the mail flights of the 1920s. They were built in the Neolithic period by hunters, who were probably nomadic, and who drove groups of gazelles found in the valley between their 2-mile-long (or 3.2-kilometer-long) short walls. Their funnel shape led the prey into a pen several hundreds of feet in circumference and often hidden behind the ridge. The panicked animals spread out in the circular space around which the various groups of hunters were waiting for them in shelters with their spears ready. These scenes are depicted in rock engravings from the Caucasus to the Sinai. The engravers used the surface of the rock as the relief of the landscape, thereby creating a model of the desert trap site.
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