| || One-third of the active population in Tunisia still works in agriculture. An important part of this is raising sheep, which number about seven million. Sheep’s meat is still the most popular meat here. Thirty-two percent of breeding is concentrated in the north, in the governorates of El Kef (where rotation between corn and fallow land predominates) and Béja. In the center and south of the country, the main areas engaged in this activity are the governorates of Kasserine, Kairouan, and Sidi Bouzid. Here on the poor pastures of the steppes, sheep can only be reared extensively, and limited yields are made lower still by drought and animal disease. The state invests in creating water reserves for dry periods, but overall it loses money by doing so. Tunisia is confronted by the same dilemma that the English were at the end of the eighteenth century: whether to subsidize their own corn growers or their livestock, whose production would enable them to buy corn from Poland. No doubt the Tunisians will do as the English did then, and abandon their sheep because of the rapid globalization of the food market.
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